1859, Paris – 1891, Paris
The French artist Georges Seurat, who was initially influenced by the classically academic master paintings in the Louvre and especially by the work of Delacroix, is regarded as the founder and foremost exponent of Neo-Impressionism, as well as being one of the leading Pointillists. In 1879, however, he turned his back on academic ideals following a visit to the Impressionist exhibition. The books Phenomena of Vision by David Sutter and Scientific Theory of Colors and Their Application to Art and Industry by Ogden Rood provided the theoretical foundation for Seurat’s intense fascination with the phenomena of light and colour. In 1883 his work was presented at the Paris Salon for the first and only time. Through his friendship with Paul Signac, Seurat found his way into the inner circles of the artistic avant-garde, where his theories on colour and line began to exert considerable influence. His paintings are characterized by an experimental approach to form, colour and line that ultimately constitutes an explicit rejection of the formal leanings of Impressionism.