Biographie

GERHARD RICHTER *1932

1932  Gerhard Richter is born on February 9 in Dresden. Grows up in Reichenau and in Waltersdorf in Upper Lusatia.

1948  Graduates from business school in Zittau.

1949  Becomes an assistant at a banner workshop in Zittau.

1950  Trains as a scene painter at the city theater in Zittau. Applies to study at the Hochschule für Bildende Künste (Academy of Fine Arts) in Dresden, but is rejected. Employed as a painter at the VEB textile works in Zittau.

1951  Richter is admitted to the Hochschule für Bildende Künste in Dresden.

1953  Main course of studies is mural painting, taught by Heinz Lohmar.

1956  Paints the mural Lebensfreude (Joy of Life) at the Deutsches Hygiene-Museum in Dresden as part of his graduation project.

1957  His three-year stipend as a research student includes a studio at the Dresden academy.

1959  Visits the Documenta II in Kassel.

1961  Flees East Germany. Moves to Düsseldorf. Begins studying at the Staatliche Kunstakademie (State Academy of Art) in Düsseldorf under Ferdinand Macketanz.

1962  Forms friendships with Konrad Lueg (Fischer), Sigmar Polke, and Blinky Palermo. Transfers to the class taught by Karl Otto Götz.

1963  Demonstrative Ausstellung (Demonstrative Exhibition) in a storefront at Kaiserstrasse 31A in Düsseldorf with Manfred Kuttner, Lueg, and
Polke. Performance and exhibition Leben mit Pop – eine Demonstration für den kapitalistischen Realismus (Life with Pop—a Demonstration for Capitalist Realism) at the Berges furniture store, Düsseldorf, with Lueg.

1964  Completes his studies. Exhibition at the Galerie Friedrich + Dahlem, Munich (with Peter Klasen). First solo shows at the Galerie Schmela, Düsseldorf, and the Galerie René Block, Berlin. Exhibition at the Galerie Parnass, Wuppertal, with Lueg and Polke.

1966  Exhibition at the Galerie h, Hanover, with Polke.

1967  Substitute professorship at the Hochschule für bildende Künste in Hamburg. Receives the Kunstpreis junger westen (New Western Artists Prize) from the City of Recklinghausen.

1969  Solo show at the Aachen art society Zentrum für aktuelle Kunst – Gegenverkehr.

1970  Travels to New York with Palermo.

1971  Professorship at the Staatliche Kunstakademie in Düsseldorf. Solo show at the Düsseldorf Kunstverein für die Rheinlande und Westfalen.

1972  Exhibits in the German pavilion at the 36th Venice Biennale. Invited to exhibit at the Documenta in Kassel for the first time.

1973  First solo show in New York, at the Onnasch Gallery.

1975  Exhibition at the Kunsthalle Bremen, subsequently at the Palais des Beaux-Arts, Brussels.

1977  Solo show at the Centre Georges Pompidou, Musée national d’art moderne, Paris.

1978  Guest professorship at the Nova Scotia College of Art and Design in Halifax.

1982  Receives the Arnold Bode Prize from the City of Kassel.Exhibition of abstract paintings at the Kunsthalle Bielefeld and at the Mannheimer Kunstverein.

1983  Moves to Cologne.

1985  Richter is awarded Austria’s Oskar Kokoschka Prize.

1986  Retrospective at the Städtische Kunsthalle Düsseldorf, later shown at the Nationalgalerie, Berlin, the Kunsthalle Bern, and the Museum moderner Kunst/Museum des 20. Jahrhunderts, Vienna.

1988  Retrospective Gerhard Richter: Paintings at the Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, at the Museum of Contemporary Art, Chicago, and at the Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Washington, DC. Guest professorship at the Städelschule in Frankfurt am Main. Richter is awarded the Kaiserring art prize by the City of Goslar. Creates his fifteen-part cycle of paintings, October 18, 1977.

1989  Solo show at the Museum Boymans-van Beuningen, Rotterdam. Retrospective Gerhard Richter: Paintings at the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art.

1991  Retrospective at Tate Gallery, London.

1993  Retrospective at the Musée d’Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris, later shown at the Kunst- und Ausstellungshalle der Bundesrepublik Deutschland, Bonn, at Moderna Museet, Stockholm, and the Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía, Madrid.

1994  Gives up his position at the Staatliche Kunst - akademie in Düsseldorf.

1995  Richter is awarded the Wolf Prize in Jerusalem.

1996  Moves to a new studio on the outskirts of Cologne.

1997  Receives the Golden Lion at the 47th Venice Biennale. Awarded the Praemium Imperiale for painting in Tokyo.

1998  Richter receives the Wexner Prize in Columbus, Ohio. The exhibition Gerhard Richter: Landscapes is shown at the Sprengel Museum Hannover.

1999  Black, Red, Gold is installed in the German Reichstag.

2000  Richter receives the State Prize of North Rhine-Westphalia.

2001  Richter is awarded an honorary doctorate by the Catholic University of Leuven.

2002  Retrospective Gerhard Richter: Forty Years of Painting at the Museum of Modern Art, New York, and subsequently at the Art Institute of Chicago, and the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art.

2003  Retrospective Gerhard Richter: Forty Years of Painting at the Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Washington, DC.

2004  Three rooms of works by Richter open in the Albertinum at the Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden.

2005  Retrospective Gerhard Richter at the K20 Kunstsammlung Nordrhein-Westfalen, Düsseldorf; later shown at the Städtische Galerie im Lenbachhaus und Kunstbau, Munich. Exhibition at the 21st Century Museum of Contemporary Art, Kanazawa, and at the Kawamura Memorial DIC Museum of Art, Sakura.

2007 Made an honorary citizen of the City of Cologne. Richter’s Cologne Cathedral Window for the south transept of the cathedral is dedicated.

2008  Retrospective Gerhard Richter: Paintings from Private Collections at the Museum Frieder Burda, Baden-Baden, and the National Gallery Complex, Edinburgh. Retrospective Gerhard Richter: Paintings 1963–2007 at the National Art Museum of China, Beijing. Exhibition Gerhard Richter: Overpainted Photographs at the Museum Morsbroich, Leverkusen.

2009  Exhibition Gerhard Richter: Portraits at the National Portrait Gallery, London. Retrospective Gerhard Richter: Paintings from Private Collections at the Albertina, Vienna, and the MKM Museum Küppersmühle für Moderne Kunst, Duisburg. Exhibition Gerhard Richter: Overpainted Photographs at the Centre de la Photographie Genève, and at the Fundación Telefónica, Madrid.

2010  The Albertinum at the Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden reopens with two galleries devoted to Richter’s work.

2011  Retrospective Gerhard Richter: Panorama at Tate Modern, London.

2012  Atlas exhibition at the Kunsthalle im Lipsiusbau, Dresden. Retrospective Gerhard Richter: Panorama at the Neue Nationalgalerie, Berlin, and the Centre Georges Pompidou, Musée national d’art moderne, Paris. Exhibition Gerhard Richter: Dessins et aquarelles 1957–2008, at the Musée du Louvre, Paris.

2013  Exhibition Gerhard Richter: Strips & Glass in the Albertinum at the Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden. The exhibition Gerhard Richter – ATLAS MIKROMEGA is presented in the Kunstbau at the Städtische Galerie im Lenbachhaus, Munich.

2014  Exhibition Gerhard Richter: Strips & Glass at the Kunstmuseum Winterthur. Exhibition Gerhard Richter: Pictures/Series at the Fondation Beyeler, Riehen/Basel.

Gerhard Richter lives and works in Cologne.

Gerhard Richter
Gerhard Richter 2014, Photo: Hubert Becker
Station