Surrealism was one of modernism's most important artistic and literary movements. It took shape in Paris between 1919 and 1924, its influence subsequently spreading around the world. Intrigued by the theories of Sigmund Freud and led by André Breton, the Surrealists sought to bring about changes in everyday life and society by means of an entirely novel kind of art. Drawing on dreams and the unconscious they fashioned a fascinating new creative language.
The Fondation Beyeler's exhibition brings together over two hundred outstanding works by Salvador Dalí, René Magritte, Joan Miró, and other Surrealist artists. Individual highlights include displays of unique private collections of Surrealist art amassed by Peggy Guggenheim and by Breton's first wife, Simone Collinet. In addition to well-known paintings and sculptures, visitors will see objects, photographs, drawings, manuscripts, pieces of jewelry, and films.
This is the first major exhibition in Switzerland to be devoted to Surrealism in Paris. Like the Surrealists' landmark show in Paris in 1938, it is signposted by a sequence of Paris street signs, some bearing real names, others bearing fictional ones. Visitors will therefore be undertaking a virtual stroll through the city of Surrealism.