1924, New York – 1997, New York
The American painter and printmaker is considered one of the pioneers and leading protagonists of American Pop Art. It was not until 1960, after spending a number of years studying and teaching, and having little success selling his work, that Roy Lichtenstein finally found his hallmark style; this involved mimicking commercial printing techniques and transferring the Ben-Day dot images of printed motifs onto canvas. Besides comic strips, he also drew inspiration for his large-format paintings from commonplace sources such as illustrations or small ads in newspapers and magazines. Later in his career, Lichtenstein produced pastiche adaptations of works by Cézanne, Matisse and Mondrian. From 1969–72 he produced his Mirror Paintings and several large-scale wall paintings. In the final years of his creative life in the 1990s he increasingly turned his attention towards sculptural work.