1887, nr. Vitebsk (Russia) – 1985, Saint-Paul-de-Vence
The Russian-French painter, printmaker and designer, who studied art in Vitebsk and then St. Petersburg, found crucial artistic inspiration in Paris, where he first lived from 1910 to 1914. Fauvism and Cubism had a stimulating influence upon his painting, which revolved around the themes of Jewish mysticism, rural peasant life in Russia and the world of the circus. Embracing lovers, animals and flowers are among his preferred pictorial subjects. Painting in luminous, expressive colours, he combined symbolic motifs to create dreamlike visual worlds. In addition to designing murals for the Jewish Theatre in Moscow in 1919, he illustrated works by Gogol and La Fontaine and the Bible, as well as designing glass windows and ceramics.