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1888, Bottrop (Germany) – 1976, New Haven, Connecticut
Josef Albers first trained as a schoolteacher, then as an artist. He studied, among others, at the Academies of Fine Arts in Berlin and Munich. In 1925 he qualified as an architect, then in 1930 was appointed deputy director of the Bauhaus in Weimar. When the Nazis closed down the Bauhaus, Albers and his wife emigrated to the USA, where they lived until 1956. Inspired by Cézanne, Matisse and Mondrian, he experimented with the impact of colour, form, line and plane. Based on the insights drawn from his work on the subjectivity of visual perception, he developed the series Homage to the Square. He was twice invited to show at the documenta (1955 and 1968). A large part of his estate is now held by the Josef-Albers-Museum in Bottrop, where he was born.