1901, Le Havre – 1985, Paris
The French painter, sculptor and writer evolved his style of art from the pictures created spontaneously by children and the mentally ill. In 1948 he founded the “Compagnie de l’Art Brut” which advocated working artistically outside the bounds of familiar aesthetic norms and academic training. In 1962 he developed a semi-figurative, semi-abstract artistic idiom in a large series of works he called Hourloupe. In his later work Dubuffet returned to the gestural techniques of Art Informel. The pictures he painted or scratched into surfaces of polyester resin were also inspired by the materials he used – both artificial and natural materials such as plaster, sand, glue or putty, which he applied with a palette knife, kneaded, scratched and covered with scribbles.