1886, Strasbourg – 1966, Basel
As an artist, the Franco-German painter, printmaker and sculptor Jean (Hans) Arp also had a strong affinity to poetry and literature. While illustrating a poetry edition by Tristan Tzara, he became acquainted with the writers Hugo Ball and Richard Huelsenbeck, joining them to launch the Dada movement in 1916. His abstract art was denounced by the Nazis as “degenerate” and banned. In the 1950s Arp turned increasingly to sculpture in his work. In this period he produced important works for the universities of Harvard and Caracas, as well as for the UNESCO building in Paris. Jean Arp exhibited several times at the documenta (1955, 1959, 1964), as well as showing at the Venice Biennale. In 1954 he was awarded the Biennale’s Grand Prize for Sculpture.