1882, Argenteuil-sur-Seine – 1963, Paris
Trained as a decorator, Braque is considered one of the leading painters of French modernism and twentieth-century art. In around 1906, inspired by the work of the Fauves, he initially adopted their style of painting but later evolved away from their influence – partly due to the strong impression made on him by the Cézanne retrospective in 1907, but also to the experience of having seen the Demoiselles d’Avignon in Picasso’s studio. Braque’s first solo exhibition in 1909 in the gallery of Daniel-Henry Kahnweiler can also be regarded as the beginning of the “analytic phase” of Cubism. His growing friendship with Picasso in this period intensified their shared artistic intentions, which culminated in 1912 in the phase of Synthetic Cubism.