1876, Hobita (Romania) – 1957, Paris
The Romanian sculptor and photographer moved from Bucharest to Paris in 1904, where he made friends, among others, with Amadeo Modigliani, Alexander Archipenko, Marcel Duchamp and Jean Cocteau. In 1906 he became actively involved in the Autumn Salon in Paris. After his traditionally academic beginnings, from 1907 his interest turned above all to themes from antiquity or the natural mythology of his home country. Constantin Brancusi began working in series, focusing on stone, bronze and wood as the essential elements of his oeuvre. His Endless Column, considered the consummate fusion of architecture and sculpture, established his reputation as one of the most important sculptors of the avant-garde and had considerable influence on numerous other artists and architects.