1905, New York – 1970, New York
The work of this American painter and sculptor is considered representative of a meditative form of Expressionism and of Colour Field painting. In the late 1940s, at the time when he was setting up the Subjects of the Artist school together with Mark Rothko, William Baziotes, Robert Motherwell and David Hare, Newman was painting Abstract Expressionist works above all, his so-called Black Paintings. Ten years later he exhibited large-format, monochrome canvases where he had applied the paint one layer at a time, precisely calculating the colour effect he achieved by means of differentiated underpainting. He remained true to this artistic style – which earned him two invitations to take part in the documenta (in 1959 and 1968) – until his death in 1970.