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1928, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania – 1987, New York
The American painter, printmaker, sculptor and filmmaker studied art in New York. Warhol is regarded as a pioneer of American Pop Art, both in his choice of subject matter and the new artistic techniques he employed. In 1960 he began making paintings based on images from comic strips, and from 1961 he produced his first serial images using a silkscreen printing technique. In this way Warhol legitimized screenprinting as an artistic medium and was the first artist to challenge the concepts of originality and the unique work of art. He also employed this technique in the 1970s to create his legendary portraits of celebrities. In 1964 Warhol founded The Factory, a film, photography and music studio where he lived and worked alongside numerous assistants. His prodigious talent was expressed in multimedia events such as nightclub shows involving performances by the rock band The Velvet Underground and the foundation of the magazine Interview in 1969. From 1978 until his death in 1987, in addition to his figurative photographic works he also produced completely abstract paintings in his Oxidation and Shadows series.